ANSEL

ANSEL
Alias(es)ISO-IR 231
StandardANSI/NISO Z39.47 (withdrawn)
ClassificationExtended ASCII, 8-bit encoding
ExtendsUS-ASCII
ExtensionsMARC Extended Latin, GEDCOM ANSEL

ANSEL, the American National Standard for Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use, was a character set used in text encoding. It provided a table of coded values for the representation of characters of the extended Latin alphabet in machine-readable form for thirty-five languages written in the Latin alphabet and for fifty-one romanized languages. The standard was reaffirmed in 2003 although it has been administratively withdrawn by ANSI effective 14 February 2013.[1] It is registered as Registration # 231 in the ISO International Register of Coded Character Sets to be Used with Escape Sequences.[2][3]

ANSEL is composed of a set of 63 graphic characters intended for use with ASCII, the American National Standard Code for Information Interchange, ANSI X3.4-1986,[3] including 29 combining diacritic characters. A combining diacritic character precedes the spacing character on which it should be superimposed.[1]

Code page layout[edit]

The following table shows ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003).[1] Each character is shown with its Unicode equivalent.

ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003)
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_ NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_ DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_ SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
$
0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_ 0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_ @
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_ P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_ '
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_ p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
-
007C
}
007D
~
007E
DEL
007F
8_
9_
A_ Ł
0141
Ø
00D8
Đ
0110
Þ
00DE
Æ
00C6
Œ
0152
ʹ
02B9
·
00B7

266D
®
00AE
±
00B1
Ơ
01A0
Ư
01AF
ʼ
02BC
B_ ʻ
02BB
ł
0142
ø
00F8
đ
0111
þ
00FE
æ
00E6
œ
0153
ʺ
02BA
ı
0131
£
00A3
ð
00F0
ơ
01A1
ư
01B0
C_ °
00B0

2113

2117
©
00A9

266F
¿
00BF
¡
00A1
D_
E_ ̉ 
0309
̀ 
0300
́ 
0301
̂ 
0302
̃ 
0303
̄ 
0304
̆ 
0306
̇ 
0307
̈ 
0308
̌ 
030C
̊ 
030A
︠ 
FE20
︡ 
FE21
̕ 
0315
̋ 
030B
̐ 
0310
F_ ̧ 
0327
̨ 
0328
̣ 
0323
̤ 
0324
̥ 
0325
̳ 
0333
̲ 
0332
̦ 
0326
̜ 
031C
̮ 
032E
︢ 
FE22
︣ 
FE23
̓ 
0313

  Letter   Number   Punctuation   Symbol   Other  Undefined

Use[edit]

GEDCOM[edit]

The GEDCOM specification for exchanging genealogical data refers to ANSEL (ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1985) as a valid text encoding for GEDCOM files and extends it with additional characters which are shown in the following table.[4][5]

Hex Unicode Glyph Description
0xBE 25A1 empty box
0xBF 25A0 black box
0xCD 0065 e midline e
0xCE 006F o midline o
0xCF 00DF ß es zet
0xFC 0338  ̸  diacritic slash through char

MARC21[edit]

The Extended Latin character set from MARC 21 is synchronized with ANSEL[3] but additionally supports the eszett (ß) character at C7 and the euro sign (€) at C8.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Project Overview: ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003) Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (ANSEL) (Inactive)". National Information Standards Organization. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  2. ^ Extended Latin Alphabet Coded Character Set for Bibliographic Use (PDF) (National information standard specification). 1993 (R2003). Bethesda, Maryland: NISO Press. 3 May 1993. ISBN 1-880124-02-5. ISSN 1041-5653. OCLC 25546245. OL 12137795M. ANSI/NISO Z39.47-1993 (R2003). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "International Register Of Coded Character Sets To Be Used With Escape Sequences (Registration Listing Ordered By Registration Number)". International Register Of Coded Character Sets To Be Used With Escape Sequences. Information Technology Standards Commission of Japan. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  4. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Department (2 December 1995). "Appendix D: ANSEL Character Set". The GEDCOM Standard Release 5.5 (Information standard specification). Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. pp. 87–89.
  5. ^ The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family History Department (4 November 1993). The GEDCOM Standard Release 5.3 (Information standard specification). Salt Lake City, Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. pp. 67–72.
  6. ^ "MARC 21 Specifications for Record Structure, Character Sets, and Exchange Media: Code Table Extended Latin (ANSEL)". Library Standards at the Library of Congress. Library of Congress. December 2007. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014.

External links[edit]