38th Canadian Parliament

38th Parliament of Canada
minority parliament
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – November 29, 2005 (2005-11-29)
Parliament leaders

Rt. Hon. Paul Martin
(27th Canadian Ministry)
December 12, 2003 (2003-12-12) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Leader of the
Hon. Stephen Harper
March 20, 2004 (2004-03-20) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Party caucuses
GovernmentLiberal Party
OppositionConservative Party
Third partiesBloc Québécois
New Democratic Party
UnrecognizedProgressive Conservative*
* Only in the Senate.
House of Commons
Seating arrangements of the House of Commons
Speaker of the
Hon. Peter Milliken
January 29, 2001 (2001-01-29) – June 2, 2011 (2011-06-02)
House Leader
Hon. Tony Valeri
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – November 29, 2005 (2005-11-29)
House Leader
Hon. John Douglas Reynolds
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – January 27, 2005 (2005-01-27)
Jay D. Hill
January 30, 2005 (2005-01-30) – November 29, 2005 (2005-11-29)
Members308 seats MP seats
List of members
Speaker of the
Hon. Dan Hays
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Senate Leader
Hon. Jacob Austin
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Senate Leader
Hon. Noël Kinsella
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – February 6, 2006 (2006-02-06)
Senators105 seats senator seats
List of senators
1st Session
October 4, 2004 (2004-10-04) – November 29, 2005 (2005-11-29)
<37th 39th>

The 38th Canadian Parliament was in session from October 4, 2004 until November 29, 2005. The membership was set by the 2004 federal election on June 28, 2004, and it changed only somewhat due to resignations and by-elections, but due to the seat distribution, those few changes significantly affected the distribution of power. It was dissolved prior to the 2006 election.

It was controlled by a Liberal Party minority under Prime Minister Paul Martin and the 27th Canadian Ministry. The Official Opposition was the Conservative Party, led by Stephen Harper.

The Speaker was Peter Milliken. See also List of Canadian federal electoral districts for a list of the ridings in this parliament.

There was one session of the 38th Parliament:

Session Start End
1st October 4, 2004 November 29, 2005

The parliament was dissolved following a vote of non-confidence passed on 28 November by the opposition Conservatives, supported by the New Democratic Party and Bloc Québécois. Consequently, a federal election was held on 23 January 2006 to choose the next parliament.

Party standings[edit]

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The party standings as of the election and as of dissolution were as follows:

Affiliation House Members Senate Members
2004 Election
At Dissolution On Election
Day 2004[1]
At Dissolution
Liberal 135 133 64 67
Conservative 99 98 25 23
Bloc Québécois 54 53 0 0
New Democratic 19 18 0 1
Independent 1 4 4 5
Senate Progressive Conservative Caucus 0 0 3 5
Total members 308 306 96 101
Vacant 0 2 9 4
Total seats 308 105

Bills of the 38th Parliament[edit]

Important bills of the 38th parliament included:

Complete list of bills


For full lists of members of the 38th Parliament of Canada, see List of House members of the 38th Parliament of Canada and List of senators in the 38th Parliament of Canada.

MPs who changed political parties[edit]

In early 2005 Ontario Member of Parliament (MP) Belinda Stronach crossed the floor to the Liberal Party after running for Leader of the Conservative Party of Canada, and coming in second to Stephen Harper. She ended her public relationship with Conservative MP Peter MacKay.



Other Chair occupants[edit]

House of Commons



Floor leaders[edit]

The following were the parties' floor leaders during the 39th Parliament:[8]

House of Commons



The party whips in this party were as follows:[9][10]

House of Commons



By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Labrador May 24, 2005 Lawrence O'Brien      Liberal Todd Russell      Liberal Death (cancer) Yes

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Members of the Canadian Senate are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and remain as Senators until the age of 75, even if the House of Commons has been dissolved or an election has been called.
  2. ^ Government of Canada. "Speakers of the Canadian House of Commons". Library of Parliament. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
  3. ^ "The Hon. Daniel Hays". Archived from the original on 27 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  4. ^ "Member of Parliament Profile (Current) – Hon Chuck Strahl". Parliament of Canada website. Archived from the original on 2006-11-01. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  5. ^ "Member of Parliament Profile (Current) – Marcel Proulx". Parliament of Canada website. Archived from the original on 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  6. ^ "Officers and Officials of Parliament – Political Officers – House of Commons – Assistant Deputy Chairs of Committees of the Whole 1967 to Date". Parliament of Canada website. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
  7. ^ "The Hon. Shirley Maheu". Parliament of Canada website.
  8. ^ Government of Canada (2007-01-15). "Party House Leaders". ParlInfo. Library of Parliament. Retrieved 2007-11-04.
  9. ^ "House of Commons Whips".
  10. ^ "Senate Whips".

External links[edit]