2016 California elections

California state elections in 2016 were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016, with the primary elections being held on June 7, 2016. In addition to the U.S. presidential race, California voters elected one member to the United States Senate, all of California's seats to the House of Representatives, all of the seats of the State Assembly, and all odd-numbered seats of the State Senate.

Pursuant to Proposition 14 passed in 2010, California uses a nonpartisan blanket primary for almost all races, with the presidential primary races being the notable exception. Under the nonpartisan blanket primary system, all the candidates for the same elected office, regardless of respective political party, run against each other at once during the primary. The candidates receiving the most and second-most votes in the primary election then become the contestants in the general election.

President of the United States[edit]

Democratic primary[edit]

e • d 2016 Democratic Party's presidential nominating process in California
– Summary of results –
Candidate Popular vote Estimated delegates
Count Percentage Pledged Unpledged Total
Hillary Clinton 2,745,302 53.07% 254 66 320
Bernie Sanders 2,381,722 46.04% 221 0 221
Willie Wilson 12,014 0.23%
Michael Steinberg 10,880 0.21%
Rocky De La Fuente 8,453 0.16%
Henry Hewes 7,743 0.15%
Keith Judd 7,201 0.14%
Write-in 23 0.00%
Uncommitted N/A 10 10
Total 5,173,338 100% 475 76 551
Source: California Secretary of State - Presidential Primary Election Statement of Votes The Green Papers

Republican primary[edit]

California Republican primary, June 7, 2016
Candidate Votes Percentage Actual delegate count
Bound Unbound Total
Donald Trump 1,665,135 74.76% 172 0 172
John Kasich (withdrawn) 252,544 11.34% 0 0 0
Ted Cruz (withdrawn) 211,576 9.50% 0 0 0
Ben Carson (withdrawn) 82,259 3.69% 0 0 0
Jim Gilmore (withdrawn) 15,691 0.70% 0 0 0
Write-ins 101 0.00% 0 0 0
Unprojected delegates: 0 0 0
Total: 2,227,306 100.00% 172 0 172
Source: The Green Papers

General election[edit]

2016 U.S. presidential election in California[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Hillary Clinton 8,753,788 61.73%
Republican Donald Trump 4,483,810 31.62%
Libertarian Gary Johnson 478,500 3.37%
Green Jill Stein 278,657 1.96%
Independent Bernie Sanders (write-in) 79,341 0.56%
Peace and Freedom Gloria La Riva 66,101 0.47%
Independent Evan McMullin (write-in) 39,596 0.28%
Independent Mike Maturen (write-in) 1,316 0.01%
Independent Laurence Kotlikoff (write-in) 402 0.00%
Independent Jerry White (write-in) 84 0.00%
Total votes 14,181,595 100.00%

United States Senate[edit]

Under California's nonpartisan blanket primary law, passed as California Proposition 14 (2010), all candidates for Senate appear on the ballot, regardless of party. Members of any party may vote for any candidate, with the top two vote getters moving on to the general election. Incumbent Barbara Boxer did not seek re-election, which makes this the first open Senate seat election in 24 years in California.

Primary results[2]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Kamala Harris 3,000,689 39.9%
Democratic Loretta Sanchez 1,416,203 18.9%
Republican Duf Sundheim 584,251 7.8%
Republican Phil Wyman 352,821 4.7%
Republican Tom Del Beccaro 323,614 4.3%
Republican Greg Conlon 230,944 3.1%
Democratic Steve Stokes 168,805 2.2%
Republican George C. Yang 112,055 1.5%
Republican Karen Roseberry 110,557 1.5%
Libertarian Gail K. Lightfoot 99,761 1.3%
Democratic Massie Munroe 98,150 1.3%
Green Pamela Elizondo 95,677 1.3%
Republican Tom Palzer 93,263 1.2%
Republican Ron Unz 92,325 1.2%
Republican Don Krampe 69,635 0.9%
No party preference Eleanor García 65,084 0.9%
Republican Jarrell Williamson 64,120 0.9%
Republican Von Hougo 63,609 0.8%
Democratic President Cristina Grappo 63,330 0.8%
No party preference Jerry J. Laws 53,023 0.7%
Libertarian Mark Matthew Herd 41,344 0.6%
Peace and Freedom John Thompson Parker 35,998 0.5%
No party preference Ling Ling Shi 35,196 0.5%
Democratic Herbert G. Peters 32,638 0.4%
Democratic Emory Peretz Rodgers 31,485 0.4%
No party preference Mike Beitiks 31,450 0.4%
No party preference Clive Grey 29,418 0.4%
No party preference Jason Hanania 27,715 0.4%
No party preference Paul Merritt 24,031 0.3%
No party preference Jason Kraus 19,318 0.3%
No party preference Don J. Grundmann 15,317 0.2%
No party preference Scott A. Vineberg 11,843 0.2%
No party preference Tim Gildersleeve 9,798 0.1%
No party preference Gar Myers 8,726 0.1%
Republican Billy Falling (write-in) 87 0.0%
No party preference Ric M. Llewellyn (write-in) 32 0.0%
Republican Alexis Stuart (write-in) 10 0.0%
Total votes 7,512,322 100.0%
General election results[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Kamala Harris 7,542,753 61.60% N/A
Democratic Loretta Sanchez 4,701,417 38.40% N/A
Total votes 12,244,170 100.0% N/A
Democratic hold

United States House of Representatives[edit]

State Senate[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

Propositions[edit]

June primary election[edit]

Since the passage of a law in November 2011, state primary elections may only feature propositions placed on the ballot by the state legislature.[4]

Result[5] Description
50 Passed Amends the state constitution to require a two-thirds vote in the respective chamber of the state legislature to suspend a state senator or assembly member. The proposal would also withhold the salaries and benefits of the suspended legislator.[6][7]

November general election[edit]

The number of propositions in this election was significantly larger than previous elections. The increase has been attributed to the relatively low number of signatures required for ballot placement for this election. The number of signatures required for ballot placement is a percentage of the turnout in the previous election. Since the turnout in the November 2014 elections was low, the number of signatures required for ballot placement in 2016 was 365,880, whereas the typical requirement is well over half a million signatures.[8]

Result[3] Description
51 Passed School Bonds. Funding for K-12 School and Community College Facilities. Initiative Statutory Amendment. This initiative statutory amendment would authorize $9 billion in bonds for school construction and modernization.[9][10]
52 Passed State Fees on Hospitals. Federal Medi-Cal Matching Funds. Initiative Statutory and Constitutional Amendment. Among others, this proposed initiative statutory and constitutional amendment would require a two-thirds vote in the state legislature to change laws that impose fees on hospitals for purpose of obtaining federal Medi-Cal matching funds.[9][11]
53 Failed Revenue Bonds. Statewide Voter Approval. Initiative Constitutional Amendment. This initiative constitutional amendment requires statewide voter approval for revenue bonds exceeding $2 billion for projects financed, owned, operated, or managed by the state or any joint agency created by or including the state.[9][12]
54 Passed Legislature. Legislation and Proceedings. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute. Among other requirements, prohibits the legislature from passing any bill unless it has been published on the internet and in print for at least 72 hours prior to the vote.[13]
55 Passed Tax Extension to Fund Education and Healthcare. Initiative Constitutional Amendment. Extends income tax increases from 2012 and allocates the revenue from them for K-12 schools, community colleges, and healthcare programs.[9][14]
56 Passed Cigarette Tax to Fund Healthcare, Tobacco Use Prevention, Research, and Law Enforcement. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute. Increases cigarette tax by $2.00 a pack and allocates revenues to healthcare programs and tobacco research.[9][15]
57 Passed Criminal Sentences. Juvenile Criminal Proceedings and Sentencing. Initiative Constitutional Amendment and Statute. Increases access to parole for people convicted of nonviolent felonies and modifies how juvenile defendants can be tried as adults.[9][16]
58 Passed Senate Bill 1174: This mandatory proposition, placed by the state legislature and Governor on September 2, 2014, would repeal most of 1998's California Proposition 227, and thus allow multi-language education in public schools.[9][17]
59 Passed Senate Bill 254: This mandatory proposition asks voters if they want California to work towards overturning the Citizens United Supreme Court ruling, in a similar manner to Proposition 49 from 2014 (which was removed from the ballot by the state supreme court).[9][18]
60 Failed Adult Films. Condoms. Health Requirements. Among other requirements, this initiative statute would mandate the use of condoms in adult films and require that producers of said films pay for STI testing and vaccinations for their performers.[9][19]
61 Failed State Prescription Drug Purchases. Pricing Standards. This initiative statute prohibits California state agencies from paying more for prescriptions drugs than the United States Department of Veterans Affairs pays.[9][20]
62 Failed Death Penalty. Initiative Statute. Repeals the death penalty and replaces it with life imprisonment without the possibility of parole as the maximum punishment for murder.[9][21]
63 Passed Firearms. Ammunition Sales. Initiative Statute.[9][22]
64 Passed Marijuana Legalization. Initiative Statute. Legalizes marijuana and hemp while imposing cultivation taxes and distribution standards.[9][23]
65 Failed Carry-Out Bags. Charges. Initiative Statute. Redirects revenues from the sale of carry-out bags at grocery stores to environmental projects under the Wildlife Conservation Board.[9][24]
66 Passed Death Penalty. Procedures. Initiative Statute. Limits death penalty appeals and length of time for death penalty review. Invalidates Proposition 62 if passed by a larger proportion of the popular vote.[9][25]
67 Passed Referendum to Ban Single-Use Plastic Bags. This is a referendum on a law signed by the Governor on September 30, 2014, that would impose a statewide ban on the distribution of single-use plastic bags at grocery stores.[9][26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2016-general/sov/17-presidential-formatted.pdf
  2. ^ "CSV Files - Voter Nominated". California Secretary of State. July 16, 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Statement of Vote: 2016 General Election" (PDF). California Secretary of State. November 13, 2016. Retrieved January 4, 2017.
  4. ^ Siders, David (October 8, 2011). "Gov. Jerry Brown signs bill restricting ballot initiative to November elections". Sacramento Bee. Archived from the original on February 12, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  5. ^ "Statement of Vote: June 7, 2016 Election" (PDF). California Secretary of State. Retrieved May 5, 2018.
  6. ^ "Qualified Statewide Ballot Measures". Secretary of State of California. Retrieved July 26, 2015.
  7. ^ "California Legislator Suspension Amendment, Proposition 50 (June 2016)". Ballotpedia. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  8. ^ Myers, John (November 8, 2015). "California's ballot could be a blockbuster next November". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Qualified Statewide Ballot Measures". Secretary of State of California. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  10. ^ "Proposition 51: K-12 and Community College Facilities". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  11. ^ "Proposition 52: Medi-Cal Hospital Fee Program". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  12. ^ "Proposition 53: Voter Approval of Revenue Bonds". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  13. ^ "Proposition 54: Legislative Procedure Requirements". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  14. ^ "Proposition 55: Tax Extension for Education and Healthcare". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  15. ^ "Proposition 56: Cigarette Tax". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  16. ^ "Proposition 57: Criminal Sentences & Juvenile Crime Proceedings". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  17. ^ "Proposition 58: English Proficiency. Multilingual Education". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  18. ^ "Proposition 59: Corporate Political Spending Advisory Question". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  19. ^ "Proposition 60: Adult Film Condom Requirements". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  20. ^ "Proposition 61: State Prescription Drug Purchase Standards". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  21. ^ "Proposition 62: Repeal of Death Penalty". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  22. ^ "Proposition 63: Firearms and Ammunition Sales". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  23. ^ "Proposition 64: Marijuana Legalization". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  24. ^ "Proposition 65: Carryout Bag Charges". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  25. ^ "Proposition 66: Death Penalty Procedure Time Limits". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  26. ^ "Proposition 67: Ban on Single-use Plastic Bags". Secretary of State of California. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.

External links[edit]