|Parent Notif. Before Terminating Minor’s Pregnancy|
|Source: California Secretary of State|
|Elections in California|
Proposition 4, or the Abortion Waiting Period and Parental Notification Initiative, also known to its supporters as Sarah's Law, was an initiative state constitutional amendment on the 2008 California General Election ballot
The initiative would prohibit abortion for un-emancipated minors until 48 hours after physician notifies minor’s parent, legal guardian or, if parental abuse has been reported, an alternative adult family member.
Proposition 4 was rejected by voters on November 4, 2008.
- 1 Specific provisions
- 2 Fiscal Impact
- 3 Supporters
- 4 Path to ballot and prior attempts at passage
- 5 Opposition to Prop. 4
- 6 Lawsuit filed over Prop. 4 language
- 7 Polling information
- 8 Newspaper endorsements
- 9 Results
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
The proposed initiative, if enacted as a constitutional amendment, would:
- Provide exceptions for medical emergency or parental waiver.
- Permit courts to waive notice based on clear and convincing evidence of minor’s maturity or best interests.
- Mandate reporting requirements, including reports from physicians regarding abortions on minors.
- Authorize monetary damages against physicians for violation.
- Require minor’s consent to abortion, with exceptions.
- Permit judicial relief if minor’s consent is coerced.
- Health and Social Services Costs. Annual costs in the range of $4 million to $5 million for the state and about $2 million for counties, and potential one-time Medi-Cal automation costs unlikely to exceed a few million dollars.
- Costs to Local Law Enforcement and Courts. Annual costs in the range of $5 million to $6 million per year.
- Potential Offsetting Savings. Unknown, potential savings to the state in health care and public assistance costs from decreases in sexually transmitted diseases and teen pregnancy.
- The Friends of Sarah, the Parental or Alternative Family Member Notification Act. is the official ballot committee.
- The California Catholic Conference
- Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arguments in favor of Prop. 4
Notable arguments that have been made in favor of Prop. 4 include:
- 34 other U.S. States have had notification laws in place for as long as 25 years.
- When a minor obtains an abortion without the knowledge of a family member or guardian, her health can be endangered if health complications arise after the abortion.
- If a minor becomes pregnant because of sexual violence or predation, a sexual predator may be missed, because the abortion clinic may not report the sexual crime.
As of September 27, 2008, the six largest donors to Prop. 4 are:
- Jim Holman, $1,525,590. (Of this, $1.35 million is listed as a loan.)
- Don Sebastiani, $530,000.
- Knights of Columbus, $200,000.
- Life Legal Defense Foundation, $50,000.
- The Lenawee Trust, $100,000.
- The Caster Family Trust, $100,000.
Path to ballot and prior attempts at passage
The signature-gathering drive to qualify the 2008 Parental Notification petition for the ballot was conducted by petition management firm Bader & Associates, Inc. at a cost of $2,555,000.
Proposition 4 represents the third time that California voters will have considered the issue of a parental notification/waiting period for abortion. The two previous, unsuccessful, initiatives were California Proposition 85 (2006) and California Proposition 73 (2005).
When Prop 73 lost in 2005, some supporters thought that a similar measure would fare better in a general election. However, Prop 85 did worse. Unlike 85 or 73, Proposition 4 allows an adult relative of the minor seeking an abortion to be notified, if the minor's parents are abusive.
Camille Giulio, a spokeswoman for the pro-4 campaign said that the November 2008 election represents a better opportunity for parental notification legislation because:
- There will be a higher voter turnout in November 2008 than when 85 and 73 were voted on.
- Socially conservative voters will be motivated to come to the polls to vote in favor of the much higher profile Proposition 8. While at the polls, they are likely to also vote in favor of 4.
- The two previous campaigns represented narrow defeats in low budget campaigns.
|Year||Proposition||Votes for||% for||Votes against||% against|
Opposition to Prop. 4
The Campaign for Teen Safety is the official ballot committee against the proposition.
- American Academy of Pediatrics, California District
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, District IX
- California Academy of Family Physicians
- California Family Health Council
- California Nurses Association
- California School Counselors Association
- California Teachers Association
- Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California
- California NOW
- Equality California
- The Let California Ring coalition
Arguments against Prop. 4
Notable arguments that have been made against Prop. 4 include:
- Mandated parental notification laws do not work. No law can mandate family communication.
- Some teenagers can't go to their parents for fear of being forced to leave their home, abuse, or worse.
- Prop 4 may force these teens to delay medical care, turn to self-induced abortions, or consider suicide.
- The reason there are fewer teen pregnancies in states mandating parental notification is that more teenage girls choose to go underground and have unsafe abortions which go unreported.
- Fear of parents being notified in the event of an abortion is highly unlikely to motivate teens to practice abstinence.
- This proposition is extremely gender-biased. It is unlikely that any law would mandate the notification of the father's parents.
- The vote will be biased as those affected by the bill, namely minors, are unable to vote on it.
- If a teen seeks the support of another adult, her parents would automatically be reported to authorities and an investigation would ensue.
Donors to opposition
As of September 27, some of the top donors to the opposition campaign were:
- A number of different Planned Parenthood affiliates, including the Los Angeles, Mar Monte, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Shasta Diablo and Pasadena offices, $4,485,000
- California Teachers Association, $450,000.
- California Family Health Council, $80,000.
- Committee for a New Economy, $25,000.
- ACLU, Northern California, $50,000.
- ACLU, Southern California, $10,000.
- Susan Orr, $100,000.
- John Morgridge, $100,000.
Lawsuit filed over Prop. 4 language
Planned Parenthood Affiliates of California and others filed a lawsuit with the Sacramento County Superior Court in early August to strike out all references to "Sarah" and "Sarah's Law" and "other misleading language in the voter's guide" for Proposition 4. The title "Sarah's Law" refers to the case of 15-year-old "Sarah" who died as a result of an abortion in 1994. Proposition 4's ballot language in the official voter's guide suggests that "Sarah" might have been saved had her parents known about her abortion. Opponents of Proposition 4 argue that "Sarah" was not considered a minor in Texas, where the abortion was performed, and that she already had a child with a man who claimed to be her common-law husband. If this is the case, the proposed law, Proposition 4, would not have helped her, since it wouldn't have applied to her. Based on this reasoning, opponents asked that the references to Sarah be stricken.
Judge Michael Kenny of the Sacramento Superior Court ultimately ruled against the opponents, allowing the original proposed ballot language and arguments, including references to Sarah, to stay in the official California voter's pamphlet.
Mark DiCamillo, director of the polling agency, said he believes the current version is running stronger because Latinos overwhelmingly favor it and are expected to vote in higher-than-usual numbers in November.
|Month of Poll||In Favor||Opposed||Undecided|
|July 2008||48 percent||39 percent||13 percent|
|August 2008||47 percent||44 percent||9 percent|
|September 2008||49 percent||41 percent||10 percent|
|October 2008||45 percent||43 percent||12 percent|
Editorial boards in favor
Editorial boards opposed
|Invalid or blank votes||794,226||5.78|
|Source: November 4, 2008, General Election Statement of Vote|
- "Votes For and Against – November 4, 2008, State Ballot Measures" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Parental notification measure makes Calif. ballot". San Francisco Chronicle. May 30, 2008. Archived from the original on June 9, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Parental notification -- Again!". Los Angeles Times. May 31, 2008. Archived from the original on June 1, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Prah, Pamela M. (July 24, 2008). "Social issues crowd state ballots". Stateline.org. Archived from the original on July 30, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "2007 Initiative Analysis: Child Abuse Reporting Enforcement Act of 2008 (Amendment #1-S)". California Legislative Analyst's Office. June 11, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Campaign Finance: FRIENDS OF SARAH, YES ON PROP 4, THE PARENTAL OR ALTERNATIVE FAMILY MEMBER NOTIFICATION LAW, MAJOR FUNDING BY DON SEBASTIANI & JIM HOLMAN & OTHERS TO REFORM CHILD PROTECTION LAWS IN CA". California Secretary of State. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Ertelt, Steven (April 17, 2008). "California Catholic Conference Will Back Parental Notification on Abortion Bid". LifeNews.com. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Rolland, David (June 29, 2008). "Schwarzenegger on Jim Holman's anti-abortion initiative". Last Blog On Earth. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Pearson, Margaret (October 3, 2008). "Proposition 4 protects girls". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 11, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Proposition 4 Arguments - Voter Information Guide 2008". California Secretary of State. 2008. Archived from the original on December 8, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Ainsworth, Bill (April 14, 2008). "Abortion notification backers not giving up". San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on September 28, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Nieves, Evelyn (October 2, 2008). "Parental notice for abortion back on Calif. ballot". Hollister Free Lance. Associated Press. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "STATEMENT OF VOTE, Summary Page" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2012. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- "STATE BALLOT MEASURES" (PDF). California Secretary of State. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 15, 2012. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- "Look out for Prop 4 & Prop 8". California National Organization for Women. June 27, 2008. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Dewey Square Group". SourceWatch. October 11, 2017. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "CAMPAIGN FOR TEEN SAFETY - NO ON 4 - A PROJECT OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD AFFILIATES OF CALIFORNIA: Expenditures made". California Secretary of State. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Breakdown of donations for California ballot measures". San Jose Mercury News. Associated Press. August 1, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- "CAMPAIGN FOR TEEN SAFETY - NO ON 4 - A PROJECT OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD AFFILIATES OF CALIFORNIA: All Contributions". California Secretary of State. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Activists File Lawsuit to Strike "Sarah's Law" Language from CA Ballot Initiative". Feminist Majority Foundation. August 5, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Field, Mervin; DiCamillo, Mark (July 22, 2008). "Low awareness but initial voter backing of five statewide ballot measures – Props. 1, 2, 4, 7 AND 11 – July Poll" (PDF). Field Research Corporation. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 17, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Ertelt, Steven (August 28, 2008). "California Poll Shows Small Lead for Measure for Parental Notification on Abortion". LifeNews.com. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Field, Mervin; DiCamillo, Mark (September 26, 2008). "Voters narrowly favoring Prop. 4, the Parental Notification of Abortion by Minors Initiative – September Poll" (PDF). Field Research Corporation. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 27, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Field, Mervin; DiCamillo, Mark (November 1, 2008). "Voters Closely Divided on Prop. 4 (Parental Notification for Teen Abortion). Two of the Four State Bond Measures Receiving More than 50% Support – October Poll" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 21, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Marelius, John (September 26, 2008). "Third abortion initiative given chance of passing". San Diego Union-Tribune. Archived from the original on October 28, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "Notify parents: Proposition 4 responds to critics' objection". San Diego Union Tribune. September 23, 2008. Archived from the original on September 26, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "California Prop. 4 Editorial: Parents have a right to know about daughter's abortion". Orange County Register. September 23, 2008. Archived from the original on October 7, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "No on Prop. 4". Los Angeles Times. September 25, 2008. Archived from the original on November 1, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- "California Proposition 4 would undermine abortion rights". San Francisco Chronicle. September 18, 2008. Archived from the original on October 20, 2008. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- To defeat Obama, conservatives take the initiative
- Fisher: Anti-abortion ballot measure still a bad idea
- California's official voter guide on Proposition 4
- Text of initiative
- Signature validation progress sheet, from the California Secretary of State.
- CaliforniaPropositions.org Prop 4 information page
- California Voter Online guide to Proposition 4
- Smart Voter Guide to Proposition 4
- Campaign Expenditures for Proposition 4, Parental Notification