33 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate,
plus 2 mid-term vacancies
51 seats needed for a majority
Results including special elections
Democratic gain Republican gain
Democratic hold Republican hold
The 1964 United States Senate elections coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority, to a full term. His Democratic Party picked up a net two seats from the Republicans. As of 2019, this is the last time either party has had a two-thirds majority in the Senate, which would have hypothetically allowed the Senate Democrats to override a veto, convict and expel certain officials, or invoke cloture without any votes from Republicans. The Senate election coincided with Democratic gains in the House in the same year.
Notably, of the 34 seats up for election this year, 25 were held by Democrats, who managed to retain 24 of them. A party defending two-thirds of the seats up for election would not make net gains in the Senate again until 2012. Coincidentally, it would be the same Senate class, class 1.
- 1 Retirements
- 2 Incumbents who lost elections
- 3 Other races
- 4 Subsequent gains
- 5 Change in Senate composition
- 6 Race summary
- 7 Arizona
- 8 California
- 9 Connecticut
- 10 Delaware
- 11 Florida
- 12 Hawaii
- 13 Indiana
- 14 Maine
- 15 Maryland
- 16 Massachusetts
- 17 Michigan
- 18 Minnesota
- 19 Mississippi
- 20 Missouri
- 21 Montana
- 22 Nebraska
- 23 Nevada
- 24 New Jersey
- 25 New Mexico
- 26 New Mexico (Special)
- 27 New York
- 28 North Dakota
- 29 Ohio
- 30 Oklahoma (Special)
- 31 Pennsylvania
- 32 Rhode Island
- 33 Tennessee
- 34 Tennessee (Special)
- 35 Texas
- 36 Utah
- 37 Vermont
- 38 Virginia
- 39 Washington
- 40 West Virginia
- 41 Wisconsin
- 42 Wyoming
- 43 See also
- 44 References
- 45 External links
There were no net party changes from retirements.
Republicans replaced by Republicans
Democrats replaced by Democrats
Incumbents who lost elections
Democrats had a two-seat net gain from beating incumbents.
Democrats lost to Republicans
Democrats lost to Democrats
- Oklahoma (Class 2): Appointee J. Howard Edmondson (D) lost nomination to Fred R. Harris (D), who won the general election.
Republicans lost to Democrats
- Maryland: James Glenn Beall (R) lost to Joseph D. Tydings (D).
- New Mexico: Edwin L. Mechem (R) lost to Joseph M. Montoya (D).
- New York: Kenneth B. Keating (R) lost to Robert F. Kennedy (D).
In a close race in Nevada, Democratic incumbent Howard Cannon won re-election over Republican Lieutenant Governor Paul Laxalt by fewer than 100 votes. Laxalt joined Cannon in the Senate when he won Nevada's other seat in 1974.
- Michigan: Patrick V. McNamara (D) died April 30, 1966, and was replaced May 11, 1966 by appointee Robert P. Griffin (R).
Change in Senate composition
Before the elections
After the general elections
After the November special elections
Gain, same as general
Special elections during the 88th Congress
In these special elections, the winner was seated during 1964 or before January 3, 1965; ordered by election date, then state.
| New Mexico |
|Edwin L. Mechem||Republican||1962 (Appointed)||Interim appointee lost election. |
New senator elected.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
|√ Joseph Montoya (Democratic) 54.7% |
Edwin L. Mechem (Republican) 45.3%
|J. Howard Edmondson||Democratic||1963 (Appointed)||Appointee lost nomination to finish term. |
New senator elected.
|√ Fred R. Harris (Democratic) 51.2%|
Bud Wilkinson (Republican) 48.8%
|Herbert S. Walters||Democratic||1963 (Appointed)||Appointee retired. |
New senator elected.
|√ Ross Bass (Democratic) 52.1%|
Howard H. Baker, Jr. (Republican) 47.4%
Elections leading to the next Congress
In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1965; ordered by state.
All of the elections involved the Class 1 seats.
|Arizona||Barry Goldwater||Republican||1952 |
|Incumbent retired to run for President of the United States. |
New senator elected.
|√ Paul Fannin (Republican) 51.4%|
Roy Elson (Democratic) 48.6%
|California||Pierre Salinger||Democratic||1964 (Appointed)||Appointee lost election to next term. |
New senator elected.
|√ George Murphy (Republican) 51.5%|
Pierre Salinger (Democratic) 48.5%
|Connecticut||Thomas J. Dodd||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Thomas J. Dodd (Democratic) 64.6%|
John Davis Lodge (Republican) 35.3%
|Delaware||John J. Williams||Republican||1946 |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ John J. Williams (Republican) 51.7%|
Elbert N. Carvel (Democratic) 48.3%
Hollon (Socialist Labor) 0.03%
|Florida||Spessard Holland||Democratic||1946 (Appointed) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Spessard Holland (Democratic) 63.9%|
Claude R. Kirk, Jr. (Republican) 36.0%
|Hawaii||Hiram L. Fong||Republican||1959||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Hiram L. Fong (Republican) 53.0%|
Thomas P. Gill (Democratic) 46.4%
Lawrence Domine (Independent) 0.6%
|Indiana||Vance Hartke||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Vance Hartke (Democratic) 54.3%|
D. Russell Bontrager (Republican) 45.3%
J. Ralston Miller (Prohibition) 0.3%
Casimer Kanczuzewski (Socialist Labor) 0.06%
|Maine||Edmund S. Muskie||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Edmund S. Muskie (Democratic) 66.6%|
Clifford McIntire (Republican) 33.4%
|Maryland||James Glenn Beall||Republican||1952 |
|Incumbent lost re-election. |
New senator elected.
|√ Joseph D. Tydings (Democratic) 62.8%|
James Glenn Beall (Republican) 37.2%
|Massachusetts||Ted Kennedy||Democratic||1962 (Special)||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Ted Kennedy (Democratic) 74.3%|
Howard Whitmore, Jr. (Republican) 25.4%
Lawrence Gilfedder (Socialist Labor) 0.2%
Grace F. Luder (Prohibition) 0.1%
|Michigan||Philip A. Hart||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Philip A. Hart (Democratic) 64.4%|
Elly M. Peterson (Republican) 35.3%
Ernest C. Smith (Freedom Now) 0.1%
Evelyn Sell (Socialist Workers) 0.09%
James Sim (Socialist Labor) 0.05%
|Minnesota||Eugene McCarthy||Democratic-Farmer-Labor||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Eugene McCarthy (Democratic) 60.3%|
Wheelock Whitney (Republican) 39.3%
William Braatz (Industrial Government) 0.3%
Everett E. Luoma (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
|Mississippi||John C. Stennis||Democratic||1947 (Special) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ John C. Stennis (Democratic) unopposed|
|Missouri||Stuart Symington||Democratic||1952 |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Stuart Symington (Democratic) 66.6%|
Jean P. Bradshaw (Republican) 33.4%
|Montana||Mike Mansfield||Democratic||1952 |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Mike Mansfield (Democratic) 64.5%|
Alex Blewett (Republican) 35.5%
|Nebraska||Roman L. Hruska||Republican||1954 (Special) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Roman L. Hruska (Republican) 61.4%|
Raymond W. Arndt (Democratic) 38.6%
|Nevada||Howard W. Cannon||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Howard W. Cannon (Democratic) 50.0%|
Paul Laxalt (Republican) 50.0%
|New Jersey||Harrison A. Williams, Jr.||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Harrison A. Williams, Jr. (Democratic) 61.9%|
Bernard M. Shanley (Republican) 37.3%
|New Mexico||Edwin L. Mechem||Republican||1962 (Appointed)||Interim appointee lost election. |
New senator elected.
Winner was also elected to finish the term, see above.
|√ Joseph M. Montoya (Democratic) 54.7%|
Edwin L. Mechem (Republican) 45.3%
|New York||Kenneth B. Keating||Republican||1958||Incumbent lost re-election. |
New senator elected.
|√ Robert F. Kennedy (Democratic) 53.5%|
Kenneth B. Keating (Republican) 43.4%
|North Dakota||Quentin N. Burdick||Democratic||1960 (Special)||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Quentin N. Burdick (Democratic) 57.6%|
Thomas S. Kleppe (Republican) 42.4%
|Ohio||Stephen M. Young||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Stephen M. Young (Democratic) 50.2%|
Robert A. Taft, Jr. (Republican) 49.8%
|Pennsylvania||Hugh Scott||Republican||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Hugh Scott (Republican) 50.6%|
Genevieve Blatt (Democratic) 49.1%
|Rhode Island||John O. Pastore||Democratic||1950 (Special) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ John O. Pastore (Democratic) 82.7%|
Ronald R. Lagueux (Republican) 17.27%
|Tennessee||Albert Gore, Sr.||Democratic||1952 |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Albert Gore, Sr. (Democratic) 53.6%|
Dan H. Kuykendall (Republican) 46.4%
|Texas||Ralph Yarborough||Democratic||1957 (Special) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Ralph Yarborough (Democratic) 56.2%|
George H. W. Bush (Republican) 43.6%
|Utah||Frank E. Moss||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Frank E. Moss (Democratic) 57.3%|
Ernest L. Wilkinson (Republican) 42.7%
|Vermont||Winston L. Prouty||Republican||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Winston L. Prouty (Republican) 53.5%|
Frederick J. Fayette (Democratic) 46.5%
|Virginia||Harry F. Byrd||Democratic||1933 (Appointed) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Harry F. Byrd (Democratic) 63.8%|
Richard A. May (Republican) 19.0%
James W. Respess (Independent) 10.3%
|Washington||Henry M. Jackson||Democratic||1952 |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ Henry M. Jackson (Democratic) 72.2%|
Lloyd J. Andrews (Republican) 27.8%
|West Virginia||Robert C. Byrd||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Robert C. Byrd (Democratic) 67.7%|
Cooper P. Benedict (Republican) 32.3%
|Wisconsin||William Proxmire||Democratic||1957 (Special) |
|Incumbent re-elected.||√ William Proxmire (Democratic) 53.3%|
Wilbur N. Renk (Republican) 46.6%
|Wyoming||Gale McGee||Democratic||1958||Incumbent re-elected.||√ Gale McGee (Democratic) 54.0%|
John S. Wold (Republican) 46.0%
Red: counties won by Fannin, Blue: counties won by Elson.
Incumbent Barry Goldwater decided not to run for re-election to a third term, instead running for President of the United States as the Republican Party nominee against Lyndon B. Johnson. Governor of Arizona Paul Fannin ran unopposed in the Republican primary, and defeated Democratic nominee Roy Elson, who was a staff member for U.S. Senator Carl Hayden until Hayden's retirement in 1969. Despite a landslide loss throughout the country, and Goldwater only able to obtain 50.45% of the vote in his home state of Arizona, Fannin managed to prevail in the state's Senate election.
|Democratic||Renz L. Jennings||64,331||34.73%|
|Democratic||Howard V. Peterson||22,424||12.11%|
|Democratic||Raymond G. Neely||6,022||3.25%|
|Democratic||Robert P. Ketterer||5,460||2.95%|
|Democratic||Pierre Salinger (incumbent)||3,411,915||48.46%|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Democratic||Thomas J. Dodd||781,008||64.66%|
|Republican||John Davis Lodge||426,939||35.34%|
|Republican||John J. Williams (incumbent)||103,782||51.71%|
|Democratic||Elbert N. Carvel||96,850||48.26%|
|Socialist Labor||Joseph B. Hollon, Sr.||71||0.04%|
|Democratic||Spessard L. Holland (incumbent)||997,585||63.93%|
|Republican||Claude R. Kirk, Jr.||562,212||36.03%|
|Republican||Hiram Fong (incumbent)||110,747||53.04%|
|Democratic||Thomas P. Gill||96,789||46.35%|
|Democratic||Vance Hartke (incumbent)||1,128,505||54.33%|
|Republican||D. Russell Bontrager||941,519||45.33%|
|Prohibition||J. Ralston Miller||5,708||0.27%|
|Socialist Labor||Casimer Kanczuzewski||1,231||0.06%|
|Democratic||Edmund S. Muskie (incumbent)||253,511||66.62%|
|Republican||Clifford G. McIntire||127,040||33.38%|
|Democratic||Joseph D. Tydings||678,649||62.78%|
|Republican||James Glenn Beall (incumbent)||402,393||37.22%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
Incumbent Republican Senator John Glenn Bell lost re-election 63%-37% to U.S. Attorney Joseph D. Tydings, a Democrat.
Incumbent Democrat Ted Kennedy defeated his challengers. Much of the campaign-appearance burden on behalf of Ted Kennedy fell on his wife, Joan, because of Ted's serious back injury in a plane crash.
- Ted Kennedy - Incumbent Senator elected in 1962 to the unexpired term of John F. Kennedy.
- Howard J. Whitmore, Jr. - Member of Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1947–53 and mayor of Newton, Massachusetts from 1954-60. Served in the United States Army Air Forces in World War II.
- Lawrence Gilfedder - Candidate for Lt. Governor in 1948. Ran for Governor in 1952 and 1954. Ran for Senate in 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1966, and 1970.
- Grace F. Luder - Candidate for the Massachusetts's 9th congressional district seat in 1950 and Massachusetts's 14th congressional district seat in 1952.
|Democratic||Edward M. Kennedy (Incumbent)||1,716,907||74.26||+21.3|
|Republican||Howard J. Whitmore, Jr.||587,663||25.42||-19.08|
|Socialist Labor||Lawrence Gilfedder||4,745||0.21||-0.03|
|Prohibition||Grace F. Luder||2,700||0.12||+0.05|
|Democratic||Philip A. Hart (incumbent)||1,996,912||64.38%|
|Republican||Elly M. Petersen||1,096,272||35.34%|
|Freedom Now||Ernest C. Smith||4,125||0.13%|
|Socialist Workers||Evelyn Sell||2,754||0.09%|
|Socialist Labor||James Sim||1,598||0.05%|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||Eugene J. McCarthy (Incumbent)||245,068||90.47%|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||R. H. Underdahl||14,562||5.38%|
|Republican||Wheelock Whitney, Jr.||161,363||100.00%|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||Eugene J. McCarthy (Incumbent)||931,363||60.34%|
|Republican||Wheelock Whitney, Jr.||605,933||39.26%|
|Industrial Government||William Braatz||3,947||0.26%|
|Socialist Workers||Everett E. Luoma||2,357||0.15%|
|Democratic||John C. Stennis (incumbent)||343,364||100.00%|
|Democratic||Stuart Symington (incumbent)||1,186,666||66.55%|
|Republican||Jean Paul Bradshaw||596,377||33.45%|
Incumbent Democrat Mike Mansfield, who was first elected to the Senate in 1952 and was re-elected in 1958, ran for re-election. Mansfield won the Democratic primary in a landslide, and advanced to the general election, where he faced Alex Blewett, the Majority Leader of the Montana House of Representatives and the Republican nominee. Though Mansfield's margin was significantly reduced from 1958, he still overwhelmingly defeated Blewett and won his third term in the Senate.
|Democratic||Mike Mansfield (Incumbent)||109,904||85.51|
|Democratic||Joseph P. Monaghan||18,630||14.49|
|Republican||Antoinette F. Rosell||9,480||17.62|
|Democratic||Mike Mansfield (Incumbent)||180,643||64.51%||-11.71%|
|Republican||Roman L. Hruska (incumbent)||345,772||61.37%|
|Democratic||Raymond W. Arndt||217,605||38.62%|
|Democratic||Howard Cannon |
|Republican||Paul Laxalt, |
(Lieutenant Governor of Nevada and former Ormsby County District Attorney)
|Democratic||Harrison Williams, Jr. (incumbent)||1,677,515||61.91%|
|Republican||Bernard M. Shanley||1,011,280||37.32%|
|Conservative||Harold P. Poeschel||7,582||0.28%|
|Socialist Workers||Lawrence Stewart||6,147||0.23%|
|America First||John Valgene Mahalchik||4,926||0.18%|
|Socialist Labor||Albert Ronis||2,125||0.08%|
Montoya was Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico (1947–1951 and 1955–1957) and a four-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1957–1964).
|Republican||Edwin L. Mechem (Incumbent)||147,562||45.30|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
New Mexico (Special)
Montoya was also elected to finish the term ending January 3, 1965.
The Socialist Labor state convention met on March 29 and nominated John Emanuel. The Republican state convention met on August 31, and re-nominated the incumbent U.S. Senator Kenneth B. Keating. The Conservative state convention met on August 31 at Saratoga Springs, New York, and nominated Prof. Henry Paolucci. The Democratic state convention met on September 1, and nominated U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy on the first ballot with 968 votes against 153 for Congressman Samuel S. Stratton. The Liberal Party met on September 1, and endorsed the Democratic nominee, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy. The Socialist Workers Party filed a petition to nominate candidates on September 7. Richard Garza was nominated.
John English, a Nassau County leader who helped John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential election, encouraged Robert Kennedy to oppose Keating. At the time, Samuel S. Stratton, a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York's 35th congressional district, was considered the most likely Democratic candidate. At first, Kennedy resisted. After President Kennedy's assassination, Robert Kennedy remained as Attorney General for Lyndon B. Johnson. However, Johnson and Kennedy feuded. Kennedy decided to run for the Senate in New York in August, and resigned from the Cabinet on September 3, 1964. While many reform Democrats resisted Kennedy, support from Robert F. Wagner, Jr., and party bosses like Charles A. Buckley, of The Bronx, and Peter J. Crotty, of Buffalo, helped Kennedy win the nomination at the party convention.
During the campaign, Kennedy was frequently met by large crowds. Keating accused Kennedy of being a carpetbagger from Massachusetts. Kennedy responded to these charges in a televised town meeting by saying, "If the senator of the state of New York is going be selected on who's lived here the longest, then I think people are going vote for my opponent. If it's going be selected on who's got the best New York accent, then I think I'm probably out too. But I think if it's going be selected on the basis of who can make the best United States senator, I think I'm still in the contest."
The Democratic/Liberal candidate was elected. Campaign help from President Lyndon B. Johnson, as well as the Democratic landslide after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, helped carry Kennedy into office, as Kennedy polled about 1.1 million votes less in New York than Johnson did. The incumbent Keating was defeated.
|Democratic||Robert F. Kennedy||3,539,746|
|Liberal||Robert F. Kennedy||284,646|
|Republican||Kenneth B. Keating||3,104,056|
|Socialist Labor||John Emanuel||7,358|
|Socialist Workers||Richard Garza||4,202|
- For Total Votes, the Democratic and Liberal votes for Kennedy are combined.
Incumbent Dem-NPL Senator Quentin Burdick sought and received re-election to his second term, defeating Republican candidate Thomas S. Kleppe, who later became the United States Secretary of the Interior.
Only Burdick filed as a Dem-NPLer, and the endorsed Republican candidate was Thomas S. Kleppe, who would go on to serve two terms as a Representative for North Dakota's second congressional district from 1967 to 1971. Burdick and Kleppe won the primary elections for their respective parties.
|Democratic||Quentin Burdick (Incumbent)||149,264||57.64|
|Republican||Thomas S. Kleppe||109,681||42.36|
|Democratic||Stephen M. Young (incumbent)||1,923,608||50.22%|
|Republican||Robert Taft, Jr.||1,906,781||49.78%|
|Democratic||Fred R. Harris (incumbent)||466,782||51.17%|
Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Hugh Scott successfully sought re-election to another term, defeating Democratic nominee Genevieve Blatt.
|Republican||Hugh Scott, |
incumbent U.S. Senator
|Democratic||Genevieve Blatt, |
Pennsylvania Secretary of Internal Affairs
|Socialist Workers||Morris Chertov||7,317||0.15%||+0.01%|
|Socialist Labor||George S. Taylor||6,881||0.14%||-0.12%|
|Democratic||John Pastore (incumbent)||319,607||82.73%|
|Republican||Ronald R. Lagueux||66,715||17.27%|
|Democratic||Albert Gore Sr.||570,542||53.62%|
|Independent||Melvin Babcock Morgan||4,853||0.44%|
Although Yarborough won this election, he would lose the Democratic Primary six years later, in 1970, to Lloyd Bentsen. Bush later went on to win an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1966; he was elected vice president of the United States in 1980 and was elected president in 1988.
|Democratic||Ralph W. Yarborough (incumbent)||1,463,958||56.22%|
|Republican||George H. W. Bush||1,134,337||43.56%|
|Democratic||Frank Moss (incumbent)||227,822||57.33%|
|Republican||Ernest L. Wilkinson||169,562||42.67%|
|Republican||Winston L. Prouty (Incumbent)||43,648||99.9|
|Democratic||Frederick J. Fayette||12,388||71.1|
|Democratic||William H. Meyer||4,913||28.2|
|Republican||Winston L. Prouty||83,302||50.7|
|Independent||Winston L. Prouty||4,516||2.7|
|N/A||Winston L. Prouty||61||0.0|
|Total||Winston L. Prouty (Incumbent)||87,879||53.4|
|Democratic||Frederick J. Fayette||76,457||46.5|
Incumbent Harry F. Byrd was re-elected to a sixth term, defeating Republican Richard A. May and independent James W. Respess.
|Democratic||Harry F. Byrd (Incumbent)||592,270||63.80%||-5.52%|
|Republican||Richard A. May||176,624||19.03%||+19.03%|
|Independent||James W. Respess||95,526||10.29%|
|Independent||Milton L. Green||12,110||1.30%|
|Independent||Robert E. Poole, Jr.||10,774||1.16%|
|Independent||Willie T. Wright||10,424||1.12%|
|Democratic||Henry M. Jackson (incumbent)||875,950||72.21%|
|Republican||Lloyd J. Andrews||337,138||27.79%|
|Democratic||Robert Byrd (incumbent)||515,015||67.67%|
|Republican||Cooper P. Benedict||246,072||32.33%|
|Democratic||William Proxmire (incumbent)||892,013||53.29%|
|Republican||Wilbur N. Renk||780,116||46.61%|
|Independent||Kenneth F. Klinkerk||1,062||0.06%|
|Democratic||Gale McGee (incumbent)||76,485||53.99%|
|Republican||John S. Wold||65,185||46.01%|
- 1964 United States elections
- 88th United States Congress
- 89th United States Congress
- The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party is affiliated nationally with the Democratic Party (United States).
- Dean, John W. and Goldwater, Barry M., Jr. (2008). Pure Goldwater (1st ed.). New York, N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0230611338.
- "Our Campaigns - AZ US Senate - D Primary Race - Sep 08, 1964". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Our Campaigns - AZ US Senate Race - Nov 03, 1964". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1964" (PDF). Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- "Our Campaigns - CT US Senate Race - Nov 03, 1964". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- Howard J. Whitmore, Jr. at ourcampaigns.com
- Lawrence Gilfedder at ourcampaigns.com
- Grace F. Luder at ourcampaigns.com
- Race details at ourcampaigns.com
- "Our Campaigns - MN US Senate - D Primary Race - Sep 08, 1964". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Our Campaigns - MN US Senate Race - Nov 03, 1964". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- "Report of the Official Canvass of the Vote Cast at the Primary Election Held in the State of Montana, June 2, 1964". Montana Secretary of State. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "NM US Senate". OurCampaigns. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Senate Candidate Chosen in NYT on March 30, 1964 (subscription required)
- KEATING CHOSEN BY REPUBLICANS IN SHOW OF UNITY; Fino and Other Dissidents Yield to Party Chiefs at State Convention Here in NYT on September 1, 1964 (subscription required)
- PAOLUCCI NAMED BY CONSERVATIVES in NYT on September 1, 1964 (subscription required)
- KENNEDY SWAMPS STRATTON TO WIN STATE NOMINATION; Democrats Name Attorney General, 968 to 153, at a Noisy Convention Here; NOMINEE ANSWERS FOES; He Says New York's First Senator Was an Able Man From Massachusetts; Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, a sudden new power in New York politics, won the Democratic nomination for Senator yesterday at one of the most boisterous state conventions ever held here. in NYT on September 2, 1964 (subscription required)
- KENNEDY NAMED BY LIBERAL PARTY; Opposition to Candidacy Is Angry but Scattered; The Liberal party's state convention listened to some angry but scattered opposition last night and then enthusiastically nominated Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy for United States Senator. in NYT on September 2, 1964 (subscription required)
- Socialist Workers' Petitions Names Negro for President in NYT on September 8, 1964 (subscription required)
- Peter J. Crotty (ca. 1910-1992), lawyer, of Buffalo, President of the Buffalo City Council 1948-51, Peter J. Crotty, Democratic Force In Western New York, Dies at 82 in NYT on March 4, 1992
- The Carpetbagger, 1964 in NYT on February 23, 1999
- "Lessons for Mrs. Clinton from 1964 - June 15, 1999". www.cnn.com. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
- Dr. Henry Paolucci (1921-1999), Professor of Comparative Literature and Ancient Greek and Roman History at Iona College, later Professor of Government and Politics at St. John's University, Henry Paolucci, 77, Scholar and a Leader in Conservative Party Obit in NYT on January 6, 1999
- John Emanuel (b. ca. 1908 in Greece), "fur worker," ran also for Comptroller in 1954; and for Lieutenant Governor in 1958 and 1962
- Richard Garza (b. ca. 1928 The Bronx), "restaurant worker and seaman," ran also for Mayor of New York in 1961; and for Governor in 1962
- Cook, Rhodes (26 October 2017). "America Votes 32: 2015-2016, Election Returns by State". CQ Press – via Google Books.
- Cook, Rhodes. "America Votes 32: 2015-2016, Election Returns by State". CQ Press. Retrieved February 14, 2019 – via Google Books.
- "Primary Election Results" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- "General Election Results - U.S. Senator - 1914-2014" (PDF). Office of the Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- "Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 3, 1964" (PDF). U.S. Government Printing Office. 1965.
- Official result in New York City: Canvass Shows Conservatives Rivaled Liberals in City Vote in NYT on November 26, 1964 (subscription required)
- Images from the Robert Kennedy campaign