1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

← 1944 November 2, 1948 1952 →
Turnout71.5%[1] Increase 0.5 pp
  Harry S. Truman.jpg ThomasDewey.png
Nominee Harry S. Truman Thomas E. Dewey
Party Democratic Republican
Home state Missouri New York
Running mate Alben W. Barkley Earl Warren
Electoral vote 16 0
Popular vote 1,151,788 909,370
Percentage 54.7% 43.2%

Massachusetts Election Results by County, 1948.svg
County Results
  Truman – 60–70%
  Truman – 50–60%
  Dewey – 50–60%
  Dewey – 60–70%
  Dewey – 70–80%

President before election

Harry S. Truman
Democratic

Elected President

Harry S. Truman
Democratic

The 1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place on November 2, 1948, as part of the 1948 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all contemporary 48 states. Voters chose sixteen representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Massachusetts voted for the Democratic nominee, incumbent President Harry S. Truman of Missouri, over the Republican nominee, former Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York. Truman ran with Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky, while Dewey running mate was Governor Earl Warren of California.

Truman carried the state with 54.66 percent of the vote to Dewey's 43.16 percent, a Democratic victory margin of 11.50 percent. Progressive Party candidate Henry A. Wallace came in a distant third, with 1.81 percent.

As Truman narrowly won an upset victory over Dewey nationally, Massachusetts weighed in as seven percent more Democratic than the national average.

Once a typical Yankee Republican bastion in the wake of the Civil War, Massachusetts had been a Democratic-leaning state since 1928, when a coalition of Irish Catholic and other ethnic immigrant voters primarily based in urban areas turned Massachusetts and neighboring Rhode Island into New England’s only reliably Democratic states. Massachusetts voted for Al Smith in 1928 and for Franklin D. Roosevelt four times in the 1930s and 1940s. Truman’s victory thus marked the Democratic Party’s sixth straight win in Massachusetts.

Despite the national race being much closer, Truman in 1948 outperformed any of Franklin Roosevelt’s four victories in the state of Massachusetts. FDR had never won the state with more than a single-digit margin; Roosevelt’s largest margin of victory was by 9.46% in 1936 and he never took a vote share higher than the 53.11 percent he received in 1940. In 1944, Roosevelt carried the Bay State with 52.80 percent to Dewey’s 46.99 percent, a fairly close margin of only 5.81 percent. Truman’s victory four years later taking 54.66 percent and winning by 11.50 percent thus made 1948 the strongest showing ever by a Democratic presidential candidate in Massachusetts up to that point, a record that would stand until John F. Kennedy ran from Massachusetts in 1960.

Truman would carry eight of the state’s fourteen counties, including the most heavily populated parts of the state surrounding the cities of Boston, Worcester, and Springfield. Notably, Truman flipped highly populated Middlesex County, which had not voted Democratic in any of Franklin Roosevelt’s four victories in the state, into the Democratic column.[2]

Massachusetts and neighboring Rhode Island were the only states in the Northeast to favor Truman over Dewey in 1948, the same split that had occurred in 1928. Both states had large urban Irish Catholic populations, who remained loyal Democrats in the wake of 1928, even as other groups defected back to the GOP.

Results[edit]

1948 United States presidential election in Massachusetts[3]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage Electoral votes
Democratic Harry S. Truman 1,151,788 54.66% 16
Republican Thomas E. Dewey 909,370 43.16% 0
Progressive Henry A. Wallace 38,157 1.81% 0
Socialist Labor Edward A. Teichert 5,535 0.26% 0
Prohibition Claude A. Watson 1,663 0.08% 0
Write-ins Write-ins 633 0.03% 0
Totals 2,107,146 100.00% 16

Results by county[edit]

County Truman# Truman% Dewey# Dewey% Wallace#[4] Wallace% Others# Others% Total votes cast[5]
Barnstable 4,616 23.68% 14,633 75.08% 183 0.94% 58 0.30% 19,490
Berkshire 30,668 51.75% 27,482 46.37% 738 1.25% 379 0.64% 59,267
Bristol 106,741 61.86% 63,216 36.64% 1,914 1.11% 680 0.39% 172,551
Dukes 720 28.99% 1,731 69.69% 26 1.05% 7 0.28% 2,484
Essex 132,016 53.58% 108,894 44.20% 4,483 1.82% 978 0.40% 246,371
Franklin 9,231 37.87% 14,919 61.21% 130 0.53% 93 0.38% 24,373
Hampden 94,609 56.41% 70,256 41.89% 2,302 1.37% 553 0.33% 167,720
Hampshire 18,012 50.27% 17,331 48.37% 313 0.87% 177 0.49% 35,833
Middlesex 248,240 51.09% 228,262 46.98% 7,601 1.56% 1,805 0.37% 485,908
Nantucket 409 28.36% 1,013 70.25% 14 0.97% 6 0.42% 1,442
Norfolk 72,327 40.92% 100,280 56.74% 3,420 1.94% 710 0.40% 176,737
Plymouth 34,765 40.83% 48,925 57.46% 1,281 1.50% 175 0.21% 85,146
Suffolk 265,611 68.98% 105,671 27.44% 12,360 3.21% 1,425 0.37% 385,067
Worcester 133,823 54.68% 106,757 43.62% 3,382 1.38% 785 0.32% 244,757
Totals 1,151,788 54.66% 909,370 43.16% 38,157 1.81% 7,831 0.37% 2,107,146

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bicentennial Edition: Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, part 2, p. 1072.
  2. ^ The Political Graveyard; Middlesex County, Massachusetts
  3. ^ "1948 Presidential General Election Results - Massachusetts". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
  4. ^ Géoelections; Popular Vote for Henry Wallace (xlsx file for €15)
  5. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; p. 215 ISBN 0405077114