1826 and 1827 United States House of Representatives elections

1826 and 1827 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1824 / 1825 July 3, 1826 – August 30, 1827 1828 / 1829 →

All 213 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
107 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  AndrewStevenson.jpg JohnWTaylor.jpg
Leader Andrew Stevenson John W. Taylor
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Leader's seat Virginia 9th New York 17th
Last election 104 seats 109 seats
Seats won 113 100
Seat change Increase 9 Decrease 9

Speaker before election

John W. Taylor
Anti-Jacksonian

Elected Speaker

Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 20th Congress were held at various dates in each state in 1826 and 1827 during John Quincy Adams's presidency.

In these midterm campaigns, the aftershock of the contested 1824 presidential election remained a major issue. The former Democratic-Republican Party had split into two parties, the "Jacksonians," supporting Andrew Jackson (which would later become the Democratic Party) and the "Adams men" or "Anti-Jacksonians," supporters of President John Quincy Adams. Adams's supporters would later come to be known as the National Republican Party. The Jacksonians were able to pick up a slim majority in the House by painting an image of the Adams Men as elitist and of the Jacksonians as the party of the common farmer or artisan. This tactic helped them pick up a number of rural seats.

Election summaries[edit]

100 113
Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
State Type Date Total
seats
Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana Districts July 3–5, 1826 3 2 Steady 1 Steady
Illinois At-large August 7, 1826 1 0 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Indiana Districts August 7, 1826 3 2 Steady 1 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 7, 1826 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Missouri At-large August 7, 1826 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont Districts September 5, 1826[a] 5 5 Increase1 0 Decrease1
Maine Districts September 8, 1826[b] 7 5 Decrease1 2 Increase1
Georgia Districts October 2, 1826 7 0 Steady 7 Steady
Maryland Districts October 2, 1826 9 6 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Delaware At-large October 3, 1826 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
South Carolina Districts October 9–10, 1826 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 10, 1826 6 5 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Ohio Districts October 10, 1826 14 12 Steady 2 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts October 10, 1826 26 6 Increase2 20 Decrease2
Massachusetts Districts November 6, 1826[c] 13 13 Increase1 0 Decrease1
New York Districts November 6–8, 1826 34 14 Decrease12 20 Increase12
Late elections (after the March 4, 1827 beginning of the term)
New Hampshire At-large March 13, 1827 6 5 Steady 1 Steady
Connecticut At-large April 12, 1827 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia Districts April 30, 1827 22 6 Decrease1 16 Increase1
Alabama Districts August 1–3, 1827 3 0 Steady 3 Steady
Tennessee Districts August 2–3, 1827 9 0 Steady 9 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 6, 1827 12 5 Decrease2 7 Increase2
North Carolina Districts August 9, 1827 13 4 Increase2 9 Decrease2
Rhode Island At-large August 30, 1827 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Total 213 100
46.9%
Decrease9 113
53.1%
Increase9
House seats
Anti-Jacksonian
46.95%
Jacksonian
53.05%

Special elections[edit]

There were special elections in 1826 and 1827 to the 19th United States Congress and 20th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

19th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 5 John Randolph Jacksonian 1799
1813 (Lost)
1815
1817 (Lost)
1819
Incumbent resigned December 26, 1825 when appointed U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 21, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Winner was seated February 6, 1826.[1]
Successor was not a candidate for election to the next term, see below.
Maryland 2 Joseph Kent Anti-Jacksonian 1810
1814 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent resigned January 6, 1826 to become Governor of Maryland.
New member elected February 1, 1826.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated February 7, 1826.[1]
Successor later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Pennsylvania 18 Patrick Farrelly Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent died January 12, 1826.
New member elected March 14, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated April 3, 1826.[1]
Successor later lost re-election to the next term, see below.
Mississippi at-large Christopher Rankin Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent died March 14, 1826.
New member elected July 10, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Ohio 10 David Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent resigned May 25, 1826.
New member elected October 10, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.
Successor was not a candidate on the same day for the next term, see below.
Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill Jacksonian 1800
1802 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent resigned before October 10, 1826.
New member elected October 10, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor lost election the same day to the next term, see below.
Pennsylvania 7 Henry Wilson Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent died August 14, 1826.
New member elected October 10, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor was not elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Pennsylvania 13 Alexander Thomson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent resigned May 1, 1826.
New member elected October 10, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
North Carolina 8 Willie P. Mangum Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent resigned March 18, 1826.
New member elected November 3, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Kentucky 5 James Johnson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent died August 13, 1826.
New member elected November 6, 1826.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 7, 1826.[1]
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Kentucky 12 Robert P. Henry Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent died August 25, 1826.
New member elected November 20, 1826.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 11, 1826.[1]
Successor later lost re-election to the next term, see below.
Maine 5 Enoch Lincoln Anti-Jacksonian 1818 (Special)[d] Incumbent resigned in January 1826.
New member elected November 27, 1826 on the second ballot.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 4, 1826.[1]
Successor had already been elected to the next term, see below.
First ballot (September 11, 1826):

Second ballot (November 27, 1826):

20th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Daniel Webster Anti-Jacksonian 1812[e]
1816 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent resigned May 30, 1827 to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected July 23, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Maine 1 William Burleigh Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent died July 2, 1827.
New member elected September 27, 1827.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Georgia 1 Edward F. Tattnall Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent resigned in 1827 before the assembling of Congress.
New member elected October 1, 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Delaware at-large Louis McLane Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent resigned some time in 1827 before the assembling of Congress after being elected to the US Senate.
New member elected October 2, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Ohio 8 William Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent died June 6, 1827.
New member elected October 9, 1827.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Pennsylvania 2 Vacant General election ended in a tie vote and the seat remained vacant.
New member elected October 9, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated January 14, 1828.[2]
New York 29 David E. Evans Jacksonian 1826 Incumbent resigned May 2, 1827.
New member elected November 5, 1827.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated December 3, 1827.[2]
Georgia 2 John Forsyth Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent resigned November 7, 1827 to become Governor of Georgia.
New member elected November 17, 1827.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was seated January 14, 1828.[2]
Kentucky 11 William S. Young Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent died September 20, 1827.
New member elected November 5–7, 1827 but initial winner declined the seat to avoid an election dispute.
Upon re-election, new member elected December 22, 1827.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated January 11, 1828.[2]
Arkansas Territory at-large Henry W. Conway Unknown 1822 Incumbent died November 9, 1827.
New member elected in 1827 or 1828.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor was seated February 13, 1828.[2]

Alabama[edit]

Alabama elected its members August 1–3, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama 1
"Northern district"
Gabriel Moore Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Alabama 2
"Middle district"
John McKee Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John McKee (Jacksonian) 67.5%
  • Thomas Farrar 32.5%
Alabama 3
"Southern district"
George W. Owen Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.

Connecticut[edit]

Connecticut elected its members April 12, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Connecticut at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Gideon Tomlinson Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent lost re-election.[g]
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Elisha Phelps Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1820 (Lost)
1825
Incumbent re-elected.
Ralph I. Ingersoll Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Orange Merwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Noyes Barber Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
John Baldwin Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware[edit]

Delaware elected its member October 3, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Delaware at-large Louis McLane Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned to become U.S. Senator, leading to an October 2, 1827 special election.

Georgia[edit]

Georgia elected its members October 2, 1826. Georgia switched to using districts for this election. Two incumbents, James Meriwether and George Cary, did not run for re-election.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 1 Edward F. Tattnall
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 2 John Forsyth
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 3 Wiley Thompson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 4 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Georgia 5 Charles E. Haynes
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Georgia 6 Alfred Cuthbert
Redistricted from the at-large district
Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Georgia 7 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Illinois[edit]

Illinois elected its member August 7, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois at-large Daniel P. Cook Anti-Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Indiana[edit]

Indiana elected its members August 7, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana 1 Ratliff Boon Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Indiana 2 Jonathan Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Indiana 3 John Test Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky elected its members August 6, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Anti-Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky 2 Thomas Metcalfe Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 3 James Clark Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1816 (Resigned)
1825 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James Clark (Anti-Jacksonian) 57.9%
  • Benjamin Taylor (Jacksonian) 42.1%
Kentucky 4 Robert P. Letcher Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 5 Robert L. McHatton Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 6 Joseph Lecompte Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Joseph Lecompte (Jacksonian) 50.8%
  • Thomas Crittenden (Anti-Jacksonian) 45.6%
  • C.H. Allen[h] (Jacksonian) 3.6%
Kentucky 7 Thomas P. Moore Jacksonianian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 8 Richard A. Buckner Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 9 Charles A. Wickliffe Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 10 Francis Johnson Anti-Jacksonian 1820 (special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky 11 William S. Young Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Kentucky 12 John F. Henry Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana elected its members July 3–5, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1 Edward Livingston Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 2 Henry H. Gurley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Louisiana 3 William L. Brent Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.

Maine[edit]

Maine elected its members September 8, 1826. It required a majority for election, which was not met in the 7th district, requiring additional elections December 18, 1826, April 2, and September 27, 1827.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maine 1 William Burleigh Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent died July 2, 1827, before the new Congress convened, leading to a special election.
Maine 2 John Anderson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 3 Ebenezer Herrick Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Maine 4 Peleg Sprague Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 5 Enoch Lincoln Anti-Jacksonian 1818 (Special)[i] Incumbent resigned in January 1826.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor later elected to finish the current term.
  • Green tickY James W. Ripley (Jacksonian) 52.6%
  • Levi Whitman (Jacksonian) 30.6%
  • Samuel Bradbury 15.8%
  • Others 1.0%
Maine 6 Jeremiah O'Brien Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Maine 7 David Kidder Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent retired.
New member elected on the fourth ballot.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (September 8, 1826):
  • William D. Williamson 42.8%
  • Jacob McGaw 34.8%
  • Simon Harriman 6.3%
  • Jonathan Farrar 5.1%
  • David Perham 3.5%
  • Others 7.5%

Second ballot (December 18, 1826):
  • John Wilkins 46.6%
  • Jacob McGaw 35.4%
  • Simeon Stetson 11.4%
  • Jedediah Herrick 1.8%
  • Simon Call 1.7%
  • George Leonard 1.6%
  • Daniel Wilkins 1.6%

Third ballot (April 2, 1827):

Fourth ballot (September 27, 1827):
  • Green tickY Samuel Butman (Anti-Jacksonian) 53.3%
  • Isaac Hudson 39.5%
  • Asa Wyman 2.7%
  • Others 4.5%

Maryland[edit]

Maryland elected its members October 2, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 Clement Dorsey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 John C. Weems Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John C. Weems (Jacksonian) 51.1%
  • Regin Estep (Anti-Jacksonian) 48.9%
Maryland 3 George Peter Jacksonian 1816 (Special)
1824
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 4 Thomas C. Worthington Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
John Barney Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Peter Little Anti-Jacksonian 1810
1812 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 George E. Mitchell Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Maryland 7 John Leeds Kerr Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 8 Robert N. Martin Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts elected its members November 6, 1826. It required a majority for election, which was not met on the first vote in 3 districts requiring additional elections held March 5 and May 14, 1827.

District[j] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Daniel Webster Anti-Jacksonian 1812[k]
1816 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent resigned May 30, 1827, after being elected U.S. Senator, leading to a special election.
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Benjamin W. Crowninshield Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
John Varnum Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Edward Everett Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 5
"Worcester South district"
John Davis Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 6
"Worcester North district"
John Locke Anti-Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 7
"Franklin district"
Samuel C. Allen Anti-Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 8
"Hampden district"
Samuel Lathrop Anti-Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (November 6, 1826):

Second ballot (March 5, 1827):

Third ballot (May 14, 1827):
Massachusetts 9
"Berkshire district"
Henry W. Dwight Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 6, 1826):
  • Jonathan Allen 34.5%
  • Henry Hubbard 23.4%
  • Robert F. Barnard 12.1%
  • George Hull (Anti-Jacksonian) 11.8%
  • Henry W. Dwight (Anti-Jacksonian) 6.6%
  • Others 11.6%

Second ballot (March 5, 1827):
  • Green tickY Henry W. Dwight (Anti-Jacksonian) 61.2%
  • Nathan Willis 25.5%
  • Jonathan Allen 13.2%
Massachusetts 10
"Norfolk district"
John Bailey Anti-Jacksonian 1823 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Bailey (Anti-Jacksonian) 60.0%
  • William Ellis 23.2%
  • Others 16.8%
Massachusetts 11
"Plymouth district"
Aaron Hobart Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Massachusetts 12
"Bristol district"
Francis Baylies Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
First ballot (November 6, 1826):
  • James L. Hodges (Anti-Jacksonian) 34.4%
  • James Arnold 30.4%
  • Hercules Cushman 26.8%
  • Rufus Bacon 8.5%

Second ballot (March 5, 1827):

Third ballot (May 14, 1827):
Massachusetts 13
"Barnstable district"
John Reed Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1816 (Lost)
1820
Incumbent re-elected.

Mississippi[edit]

Mississippi elected its member August 7, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large William Haile Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William Haile (Jacksonian) 33.9%
  • Beverly R. Grayson (Independent) 24.1%
  • John H. Norton (Independent) 17.7%
  • Adam L. Bingaman (Anti-Jacksonian) 15.2%
  • Richard Stockton (Independent) 9.1%

Missouri[edit]

Missouri elected its member August 7, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Missouri at-large John Scott Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire elected its members March 13, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Ichabod Bartlett Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Jonathan Harvey Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Titus Brown Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Nehemiah Eastman Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Thomas Whipple Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Joseph Healy Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey elected its members October 10, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Lewis Condict Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
George Holcombe Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
George Cassedy Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Daniel Garrison Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Samuel Swan Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Ebenezer Tucker Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.

New York[edit]

New York elected its members November 6–8, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 1 Silas Wood Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 2 Joshua Sands Anti-Jacksonian 1802
1804 (Retired)
1824
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY John J. Wood (Jacksonian) 54.7%
  • John T. Smith (Anti-Jacksonian) 45.3%
New York 3
Plural district with 3 seats
Churchill C. Cambreleng Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Gulian Verplanck Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Jeromus Johnson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 4 Aaron Ward Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Aaron Ward (Anti-Jacksonian) 59.6%
  • John Haff (Jacksonian) 40.4%
New York 5 Bartow White Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 6 John Hallock Jr. Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 7 Abraham B. Hasbrouck Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 8 James Strong Anti-Jacksonian 1818
1821 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
New York 9 William McManus Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 10 Stephen Van Rensselaer Anti-Jacksonian 1822 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
New York 11 Henry Ashley Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 12 William Dietz Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 13 William G. Angel Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Samuel Chase (Anti-Jacksonian) 50.9%
  • George Morell (Jacksonian) 46.4%
  • Isaac Hayes (Independent) 2.7%
New York 14 Henry R. Storrs Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1821 (Retired)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
New York 15 Michael Hoffman Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Michael Hoffman (Jacksonian) 59.5%
  • Daniel Van Horn (Anti-Jacksonian) 40.5%
New York 16 Henry Markell Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry Markell (Anti-Jacksonian) 51.6%
  • Aaron Haring (Jacksonian) 48.4%
New York 17 John W. Taylor Anti-Jacksonian 1812 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John W. Taylor (Anti-Jacksonian) 57.5%
  • Alpheus Goodrich (Jacksonian) 42.5%
New York 18 Henry C. Martindale Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 19 Henry Ross Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY Richard Keese (Jacksonian) 52.4%
  • Asa Hascall (Anti-Jacksonian) 47.6%
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Nicoll Fosdick Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Daniel Hugunin Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 21 Elias Whitmore Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 22 John Miller Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 23 Luther Badger Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 24 Charles Kellogg Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
New York 25 Charles Humphrey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 26
Plural district with 2 seats
Dudley Marvin Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Robert S. Rose Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 27 Moses Hayden Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
New York 28 Timothy Porter Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
New York 29 Parmenio Adams Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Successor resigned May 27, 1827, leading to a special election.
  • Green tickY David E. Evans (Jacksonian) 54.2%
  • Simeon Cumings (Anti-Jacksonian) 45.8%
New York 30 Daniel G. Garnsey Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected as Jacksonian.
Jacksonian gain.

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina elected its members August 9, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian 1806
1812 (Lost)
1817
1823 (Lost)
1825
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 2 Willis Alston Jacksonian 1798
1815 (Retired)
1825
Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 3 Richard Hines Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
North Carolina 4 John H. Bryan Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 5 Gabriel Holmes Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Jacksonian 1816 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Daniel Turner (Jacksonian) 28.5%
  • Charles A. Hill (Jacksonian) 26.8%
  • Willis Boddick (Jacksonian) 20.0%
  • William M. Sneed (Jacksonian) 15.8%
  • Joseph M. Bryan (Jacksonian) 8.8%
North Carolina 7 Archibald McNeill Jacksonian 1821
1823 (Retired?)
1825
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY John Culpepper (Anti-Jacksonian) 41.2%
  • John A. Cameron (Anti-Jacksonian) 34.5%
  • John Gilchrist 24.1%
  • Thomas Davis 0.2%
North Carolina 8 Daniel L. Barringer Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 9 Romulus M. Saunders Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
North Carolina 10 John Long Anti-Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Long (Anti-Jacksonian) 88.0%
  • Asa Eubank (Independent) 10.9%
  • Others 1.1%
North Carolina 11 Henry W. Connor Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Henry W. Connor (Jacksonian) 81.9%
  • Samuel Henderson (Anti-Jacksonian) 18.1%
North Carolina 12 Samuel P. Carson Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Anti-Jacksonian 1815 Incumbent re-elected.

Soon after the election, Samuel P. Carson (Jacksonian), the winner of the race in the 12th district, challenged his opponent, Robert B. Vance (Anti-Jacksonian) to a duel over a comment made during the campaign about Carson's father. Vance was mortally wounded in the duel. Carson left immediately afterwards to go to Washington. His behavior in leaving immediately was widely criticized.[citation needed]

Ohio[edit]

Ohio elected its members October 10, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Ohio 1 James Findlay Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 2 John Woods Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Woods (Anti-Jacksonian) 60.6%
  • Thomas J. Ross (Jacksonian) 37.5%
  • Robert Anderson 1.9%
Ohio 3 William McLean Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY William McLean (Anti-Jacksonian) 61.2%
  • George B. Holt 33.2%
  • Eastin Morris 5.6%
Ohio 4 Joseph Vance Anti-Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 5 John W. Campbell Anti-Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
  • Green tickY William Russell (Jacksonian) 35.4%
  • Richard Collins 24.3%
  • Isaiah Morris 21.0%
  • Abraham Shepherd 19.3%
Ohio 6 John Thomson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Ohio 7 Samuel F. Vinton Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Samuel F. Vinton (Anti-Jacksonian) 68.9%
  • William Kendall 26.9%
  • Daniel H. Buell 4.2%
Ohio 8 William Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 Philemon Beecher Anti-Jacksonian 1816
1820 (Lost)
1822
Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY Philemon Beecher (Anti-Jacksonian) 55.0%
  • John Mathews (Jacksonian) 34.2%
  • Robert McConnell 10.8%
Ohio 10 David Jennings Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent resigned May 25, 1826.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
Successor lost the election on the same day to finish the term.
Ohio 11 John C. Wright Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 John Sloane Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Sloane (Anti-Jacksonian) 50.7%
  • John Thompson (Jacksonian) 49.3%
Ohio 13 Elisha Whittlesey Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 14 Mordecai Bartley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania elected its members October 10, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[3]
Pennsylvania 1 John Wurts Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 2 Joseph Hemphill Jacksonian 1800
1802 (Lost)
1818
Incumbent resigned before October 10, 1826.
New member not elected due to tie vote between the top two candidates, leading to an October 9, 1827 special election.
Jacksonian loss.
Pennsylvania 3 Daniel H. Miller Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 3 seats
James Buchanan Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel Edwards Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Charles Miner Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 5 Philip S. Markley Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 6 Robert Harris Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 7
Plural district with 2 seats
William Addams Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Henry Wilson Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent died August 14, 1826.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor not elected the same day to finish the current term.
Pennsylvania 8
Plural district with 2 seats
George Wolf Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel D. Ingham Jacksonian 1812
1818 (Resigned)
1822 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 9
Plural district with 3 seats
George Kremer Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Espy Van Horne Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel McKean Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 10 James S. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
  • Green tickY Adam King (Jacksonian) 54.6%
  • John Garnder (Ind. Rep.) 45.4%
Pennsylvania 11
Plural district with 2 seats
James Wilson Anti-Jacksonian 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
John Findlay Jacksonian 1821 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 12 John Mitchell Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 13 Alexander Thomson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent resigned May 1, 1826.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Successor was also elected the same day to finish the current term.
Pennsylvania 14 Andrew Stewart Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected to a different party.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania 15 Joseph Lawrence Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 16
Plural district with 2 seats
Robert Orr Jr. Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
James S. Stevenson Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 17 George Plumer Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Pennsylvania 18 Thomas H. Sill Anti-Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island elected its members August 30, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Tristam Burges Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Dutee J. Pearce Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina elected its members October 9–10, 1826.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 William Drayton Jacksonian 1825 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 James Hamilton Jr. Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Thomas R. Mitchell Jacksonian 1820
1823 (Lost)
1824
Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Andrew R. Govan Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 5 George McDuffie Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 John Wilson Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 7 Joseph Gist Jacksonian 1820 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
South Carolina 8 John Carter Jacksonian 1822 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 9 Starling Tucker Jacksonian 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee elected its members August 2–3, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Blair Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 John Cocke Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 3 James C. Mitchell Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Jacob C. Isacks Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Robert Allen Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 6 James K. Polk Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY James K. Polk (Jacksonian) 56.6%
  • Lunsford M. Bramlett (Anti-Jacksonian) 43.4%
Tennessee 7 Sam Houston Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Tennessee 8 John H. Marable Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Adam R. Alexander Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.

Vermont[edit]

Vermont elected its members September 5, 1826. It required a majority for election, which was not met on the first vote in two districts, requiring additional elections held December 4, 1826 and February 5, 1827.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Vermont 1 William C. Bradley Anti-Jacksonian 1812
1814 (Lost)
1822
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.
First ballot (September 5, 1826):

Second ballot (December 4, 1826):

Third ballot (February 5, 1827):
Vermont 2 Rollin C. Mallary Anti-Jacksonian 1818 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 3 George E. Wales Anti-Jacksonian 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Vermont 4 Ezra Meech Jacksonian 1818
1820 (Lost)
1824
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
First ballot (September 5, 1826):

Second ballot (December 4, 1826):

Third ballot (February 5, 1827):
Vermont 5 John Mattocks Anti-Jacksonian 1820
1822 (Lost)
1824
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

Virginia[edit]

Virginia elected its members April 30, 1827, after the term began but before the new Congress convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 1 Thomas Newton Jr. Anti-Jacksonian 1801 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 2 James Trezvant Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 3 William S. Archer Jacksonian 1820 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 4 Mark Alexander Jacksonian 1819 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 5 George W. Crump Jacksonian 1826 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 6 Thomas Davenport Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7 Nathaniel H. Claiborne Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 8 Burwell Bassett Jacksonian 1805
1812 (Lost)
1815
1819 (Retired)
1821
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 9 Andrew Stevenson Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 10 William C. Rives Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 11 Robert Taylor Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian hold.
Virginia 13 John Taliaferro Anti-Jacksonian 1801
1803 (Retired)
1811 (Challenge)
1813 (Lost)
1824 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 14 Charles F. Mercer Anti-Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 15 John S. Barbour Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 16 William Armstrong Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 17 Alfred H. Powell Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 18 Joseph Johnson Jacksonian 1823 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 19 William McCoy Jacksonian 1811 Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 20 John Floyd Jacksonian 1817 Incumbent re-elected.
  • Green tickY John Floyd (Jacksonian) 87.2%
  • Edward Watts 12.8%
Virginia 21 William Smith Jacksonian 1821 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Virginia 22 Benjamin Estil Anti-Jacksonian 1825 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Jacksonian gain.

Non-voting delegates[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Arkansas Territory at-large Henry Conway Unknown 1822 Incumbent re-elected.
Incumbent then died November 9, 1827, leading to a special election.
Florida Territory at-large Joseph M. White Unknown 1824 Incumbent re-elected.
Michigan Territory at-large Austin E. Wing Unknown 1824 Incumbent re-elected.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Vermont required a majority for election, which was not met on the first vote in 2 districts requiring additional elections held December 4, 1826 and February 5, 1827.
  2. ^ Maine required a majority for election, which was not met in the 7th district, requiring additional elections December 18, 1826, April 2, and September 27, 1827.
  3. ^ Massachusetts required a majority for election, which was not met on the first vote in 3 districts requiring additional elections held March 5 and May 14, 1827.
  4. ^ In Massachusetts's 20th district
  5. ^ In New Hampshire
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data
  7. ^ a b It is unclear whether Tomlinson ran and lost or if the votes for him were unsolicited.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Source does not give full name.
  9. ^ In Massachusetts's 20th district
  10. ^ District numbers vary between sources.
  11. ^ In New Hampshire
  12. ^ a b c d e Based on incomplete returns

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]