1818–1819 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Massachusetts elected its members November 2, 1818. Massachusetts's electoral law required a majority for election, necessitating additional elections in five districts on April 5, 1819 and July 26, 1819.

This was the last election in which the District of Maine was part of Massachusetts. The District became the State of Maine during the 16th Congress.

District[a] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[b]
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Jonathan Mason Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan Mason (Federalist) 64.5%
Andrew Ritchie (Democratic-Republican) 35.5%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Silsbee (Democratic-Republican) 64.2%
Timothy Pickering (Federalist) 34.5%
Thomas Stevens (Federalist) 1.3%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 87.0%
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 7.9%
Others 5.1%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 63.9%
Samuel P. Fay (Federalist) 36.1%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
Elijah H. Mills Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 48.1%
Isaac C. Bates (Federalist) 22.7%
Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
Joseph Lyman (Federalist) 9.5%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 55.5%
Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 27.7%
Joseph Lyman (Federalist) 16.8%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel C. Allen Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 86.2%
Elihu Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Others 5.8%
Massachusetts 7
"Berkshire district"
Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 48.8%
Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 47.0%
Ambrose Hall 2.7%
Others 1.5%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 45.8%
Others 3.4%[1]
Massachusetts 8
"Plymouth district"
Zabdiel Sampson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 59.6%
William Bourne (Federalist) 40.4%
Massachusetts 9
"Barnstable district"
Walter Folger Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 48.7%
Massachusetts 10
"Bristol district"
Marcus Morton Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 55.0%
Francis Baylies (Federalist) 43.8%
Hodijah Baylies 1.2%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester South district"
Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Adams (Federalist) 59.8%
Sumner Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 40.2%
Massachusetts 12
"Worcester North district"
Solomon Strong Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jonas Kendall 63.5%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
Others 4.8%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Edward Dowse (Democratic-Republican) 54.9%
Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 45.1%
Massachusetts 14
"1st Eastern district" District of Maine
John Holmes Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. John Holmes (Democratic-Republican) 93.6%
Others 6.4%
Massachusetts 15
"2nd Eastern district" District of Maine
Ezekiel Whitman Federalist 1808
1810 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 54.0%
Arthur Ware (Democratic-Republican) 46.0%
Massachusetts 16
"3rd Eastern district" District of Maine
Benjamin Orr Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 38.0%
Others 13.4%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%[c]
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 41.3%
Joshua Head (Federalist) 7.3%[2]

Third ballot (July 26, 1819):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 47.9%[3]
Massachusetts 17
"4th Eastern district" District of Maine
John Wilson Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 41.3%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.9%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 24.7%
Others 4.1%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 48.3%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.9%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 15.7%
Others 6.1%

Third ballot (July 26, 1819):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 61.7%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.3%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 2.4%
Others 6.7%
Massachusetts 18
"5th Eastern district" District of Maine
Thomas Rice Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 41.8%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 5.3%
Others 3.2%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 57.3%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 34.8%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 7.2%
Massachusetts 19
"6th Eastern district" District of Maine
Joshua Gage Democratic-Republican 1816 Ran in the 18th district and lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 43.9%
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district" District of Maine
Enoch Lincoln Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Enoch Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 66.6%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 33.4%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here
  2. ^ Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  3. ^ Electoral data presumably incomplete in source

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Berkshire District, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  2. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Eastern District #3, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  3. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Eastern District #3, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.