1812–1813 United States House of Representatives elections in Massachusetts

Massachusetts gained three seats after the 1810 Census, all of which were added to the District of Maine. Its elections were held November 5, 1812, but since Massachusetts law required a majority for election, which was not met in the 19th district, a second ballot was held there January 6, 1813.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"Suffolk district"
Josiah Quincy Federalist 1804 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Artemas Ward Jr. (Federalist) 98.7%
Others 1.3%
Massachusetts 2
"Essex South district"
William Reed Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William Reed (Federalist) 56.1%
Benjamin W. Crowninshield (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
Massachusetts 3
"Essex North district"
Leonard White Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Timothy Pickering (Federalist) 95.6%
Others 4.4%
Massachusetts 4
"Middlesex district"
William M. Richardson Democratic-Republican 1811 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William M. Richardson (Democratic-Republican) 51.8%
Asahel Stearns (Federalist) 46.8%
William Reed (Democratic-Republican) 1.4%
Massachusetts 5
"Hampshire South district"
William Ely Federalist 1804 Incumbent re-elected. William Ely (Federalist) 67.5%
Enos Foot (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
Joseph Lyman (Federalist) 11.3%
Samuel Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 1.6%
Massachusetts 6
"Hampshire North district"
Samuel Taggart Federalist 1803 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Taggart (Federalist) 87.3%
Solomon Snead (Democratic-Republican) 9.3%
Joseph Rice (Federalist) 3.4%
Massachusetts 7
"Plymouth district"
Charles Turner Jr. Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
William Baylies (Federalist) 59.0%
Charles Turner Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 41.0%
Massachusetts 8
"Barnstable district"
Isaiah L. Green Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 67.9%
Thomas Hazard Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 26.5%
Isaiah L. Green (Democratic-Republican) 5.6%
Massachusetts 9
"Bristol district"
Laban Wheaton Federalist 1808 Incumbent re-elected. Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 60.2%
John Hawes (Democratic-Republican) 39.8%
Massachusetts 10
"Worcester South district"
Elijah Brigham Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Elijah Brigham (Federalist) 55.1%
Estes Howe (Democratic-Republican) 44.4%
Jonas Sibley (Democratic-Republican) 0.6%
Massachusetts 11
"Worcester North district"
Abijah Bigelow Federalist 1810 Incumbent re-elected. Abijah Bigelow (Federalist) 76.6%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 23.4%
Massachusetts 12
"Berkshire district"
Ezekiel Bacon Democratic-Republican 1807 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Daniel Dewey (Federalist) 53.4%
Samuel Wheeler (Democratic-Republican) 46.6%
Massachusetts 13
"Norfolk district"
Ebenezer Seaver Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 55.3%
Ebenezer Seaver (Democratic-Republican) 44.7%
Massachusetts 14
"1st Eastern district", District of Maine
Richard Cutts Democratic-Republican 1801 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Cyrus King (Federalist) 59.3%
Richard Cutts (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Others 2.9%
Massachusetts 15
"2nd Eastern district", District of Maine
William Widgery Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
George Bradbury (Federalist) 58.2%
William Widgery (Democratic-Republican) 41.8%
Massachusetts 16
"3rd Eastern district", District of Maine
None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Samuel Davis (Federalist) 61.5%
Benjamin Ames (Democratic-Republican) 38.5%
Massachusetts 17
"4th Eastern district", District of Maine
None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Abiel Wood (Democratic-Republican) 85.5%
Joshua Head (Federalist) 5.8%
Others 8.8%
Massachusetts 18
"5th Eastern district", District of Maine
Francis Carr
Redistricted from the 17th district
Democratic-Republican 1812 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Wilson (Federalist) 57.7%
Francis Carr (Democratic-Republican) 42.3%
Massachusetts 19
"6th Eastern district", District of Maine
None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 5, 1812):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 49.3%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 49.0%
Others 1.7%

Second ballot (January 6, 1813):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 54.8%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 45.2%
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district", District of Maine
None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Levi Hubbard (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
Ebenezer Fessenden (Federalist) 47.4%

See also[edit]