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Že (ژ) used to represent the phoneme /ʒ/, is a letter in the Perso-Arabic alphabet, based on zayn (ز) with two additional diacritic dots. It is one of the four letters that the Persian alphabet adds to the original Arabic script, others being چ ,پ and گ.

It is found with this value in other Arabic-derived scripts. It is used in Pashto, Kurdish, other Iranian languages, Uyghur, Ottoman Turkish (J In modern Turkish alphabet), Azerbaijani and Urdu, but not in Arabic.

However, it might be used in Arabic texts to represent other phonemes when writing words with sounds not in Arabic letters. It is used to represent the sound /ʒ/ or sometimes //, just like the letter ẓāʼ (ظ).

Position in word: Isolated Final Medial Initial
Glyph form:
ژ ـژ ـژ ژ

Character encodings[edit]

Character ژ
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 1688 U+0698
UTF-8 218 152 DA 98
Numeric character reference ژ ژ

In other scripts[edit]


in English, the three letters ⟨sio⟩ and the letter ⟨s⟩ before ⟨u⟩ are used for this sound, as in the words "television" and "pleasure". In other languages using Latin script, the sound may be represented by ⟨g⟩, ⟨j⟩, ⟨zh⟩, ⟨ž⟩,⟨zs⟩, or ⟨ż⟩.


In Devanagari the letter झ़ (letter jha with nukta or Dot) is used to represent the sound of že. such as झ़ in टेलिविझ़न and झ़ाला बारी.


The letter ж, common in some Slavic languages, has an equivalent sound to the "s" in "television" e.g. Zharkov (Russian Cyrillic: Жарков).

See also[edit]