Sharada script

Śāradā
𑆯𑆳𑆫𑆢𑆳
Bakhshali manuscript.jpg
An example of early Sharada script, in the Bakhshali manuscript.
Type
LanguagesSanskrit, Kashmiri
Time period
c. 800 CE–present (almost extinct)
Parent systems
Child systems
Gurmukhī
Takri
Landa
Sister systems
Nāgarī
Siddhaṃ
DirectionLeft-to-right
ISO 15924Shrd, 319
Unicode alias
Sharada
U+11180–U+111DF
[a] The Semitic origin of the Brahmic scripts is not universally agreed upon.

The Śāradā, Sarada or Sharada script is an abugida writing system of the Brahmic family of scripts. The script was in widespread use between the 8th and 12th centuries in the northwestern parts of India (in Kashmir and neighbouring areas), for writing Sanskrit and Kashmiri.[1][2][3] The Gurmukhī script was developed from Śāradā. Originally more widespread, its use became later restricted to Kashmir, and it is now rarely used except by the Kashmiri Pandit community for ceremonial purposes.

A 6th-century marble Ganesha found in Gardez, Afghanistan, now at Dargah Pir Rattan Nath, Kabul. The Sharda inscription says that this "great and beautiful image of Mahāvināyaka" was consecrated by the Shahi King Khingala.[4]

Sharada was in use in large areas of South Asia, including Kashmir, Punjab, and Afghanistan, but its use later became restricted to Kashmir where the script is considered sacred by some Hindus. It is named after the Goddess Śāradā,[5] (another name for Saraswati, the goddess of learing), the main deity of the Sharada Peeth temple.

The Bakhshali manuscript uses an early stage of the Sharada script.[1] The Sharda script was used in Afghanistan as well as in the Himachal region in India. In Afghanistan, the Kabul Ganesh has a 6th century Proto-Sharda inscription mentioning king Khingala.[clarification needed][6] At the historic Markula Devi Temple, the goddess Mahishamardini has a Sharada inscription of 1569AD.[7]

Letters[edit]

Independent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - independent vowel signs.

Dependent vowel signs[edit]

Sharada script - dependent vowel signs.

Consonants[edit]

Sharada script - consonant signs.

Numerals[edit]

Sharada script - numerals.

Sharada script uses its own signs for the positional decimal numeral system.

Image gallery[edit]

Unicode[edit]

Śāradā script was added to the Unicode Standard in January, 2012 with the release of version 6.1.[8]

The Unicode block for Śāradā script, called Sharada, is U+11180–U+111DF:

Sharada[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1118x 𑆀 𑆁 𑆂 𑆃 𑆄 𑆅 𑆆 𑆇 𑆈 𑆉 𑆊 𑆋 𑆌 𑆍 𑆎 𑆏
U+1119x 𑆐 𑆑 𑆒 𑆓 𑆔 𑆕 𑆖 𑆗 𑆘 𑆙 𑆚 𑆛 𑆜 𑆝 𑆞 𑆟
U+111Ax 𑆠 𑆡 𑆢 𑆣 𑆤 𑆥 𑆦 𑆧 𑆨 𑆩 𑆪 𑆫 𑆬 𑆭 𑆮 𑆯
U+111Bx 𑆰 𑆱 𑆲 𑆳 𑆴 𑆵 𑆶 𑆷 𑆸 𑆹 𑆺 𑆻 𑆼 𑆽 𑆾 𑆿
U+111Cx 𑇀 𑇁  𑇂   𑇃  𑇄 𑇅 𑇆 𑇇 𑇈 𑇉 𑇊 𑇋 𑇌 𑇍
U+111Dx 𑇐 𑇑 𑇒 𑇓 𑇔 𑇕 𑇖 𑇗 𑇘 𑇙 𑇚 𑇛 𑇜 𑇝 𑇞 𑇟
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 12.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]